Wied il-Qlejgħa jispiċċa vittma tal-vandaliżmu

April 13, 2020

Samuel Lucas

Il-Ħamis, April 9, 2020

Wara li ftit tax-xhur ilu Wied il-Qlejgħa magħruf aħjar ma’ ħafna bħala Chadwick Lakes, irċieva tindifa papali sabiex ikun jista’ jżomm aktar ilma, dan spiċċa vittma tal-vandaliżmu.

Dan l-istazzjon mar fuq il-post fejn hemm hekk seta’ jara trakki ta’ ħamrija maqluha minn quadbikes li għal xi raġuni niżlu fil-parti fejn jinġema’ l-ilma.

Dan l-att vandalu sar waqt li bħalissa fl-istess wied għaddej proġett ta’ madwar ħames miljun ewro li jinvolvi t-tindif ta’ tlieta u ħamsin elf metru kubu ta’ ħamrija minn fejn jgħaddi l-ilma biex b’hekk il-Wied jiġi jesa’ ħamsa u tletin miljun litru ilma iżjed. Dan filwaqt li fost oħrajn se jitħawwlu ħames t’elef siġra fiż-żona.

 

 

Wied il-Qlejgħa jispiċċa vittma tal-vandaliżmu

 

L-ambjentalist Alfred Baldacchino li hu kwalifikat fl-ippjanar u l-immaniġġjar tal-ambjent spjega l-vandaliżmu li sar fil-wied fejn fosthom semma’ wkoll kif twaqqa’ ħajt li nbena lura fis seklu dsatax.

Baldacchino stqarr, “Qegħdin jagħmlu l-ħsara għaliex f’dak id-daqxejn ta’ ilma hemmek hemm ħafna Flora u Fauna li jkunu hemmek reqdin għal ġranet tax-Xitwa u meta issa jasal is-Sajf u r-Rebbiegħa jagħtu l-ħajja u tgħaffiġ bħal dak jagħmel ħafna ħsara.”

Huwa spjega wkoll kif xi persuni ħelsu minn speċi nvażivi li jistgħu jkunu ta’ ħsara għall-biodiversità fil-Wied.

Kompla jgħid, “Ġieli rajna fkieren tal-ilma ħelu li dawn jieklu kulma jsibu l-imrieżeb, l-iżrinġijiet, il-larvea ta’ ċertu insetti allura dan qed jonqos in-numru tagħhom. Insibu l-ħut tal-ilma ħelu li kull sena insibu min jiġu jitlaqhom hawnekk u dik qed tagħmel ħsara lill-biodiversità.”

B’hekk is-Sur Baldacchino appella sabiex il-pubbliku jinforma ruħu iktar sabiex dan il-wied meqjus bħala ġawhra f’pajjiżna jiġi preżervat bl-aħjar mod possibbli.

“Dan ix-xogħol biex jirnexxi irid ikollu ukoll l-għajnuna indiretta tal-pubbliku li l-pubbliku jagħraf li dan ix-xogħol qed isir għal ġib tiegħu.” Ikkonkluda jgħid.

Il-proġett li bħalissa għaddej fiċ-Chadwick Lakes mistenni jitlesta sentejn oħra.

 

Xi fawna invażiva li tinstab f’Wied il-Qlejgħa

 

aebaldacchino@gmail.com

artikli oħra dwar Wied il-Qlejgħa

Jappella biex Chadwick lakes jigi mmaniġġat aħjar

Valley – check with likes

Wied il-Qlejgħa

 


Where have all the butterflies gone?

July 21, 2019

Sunday, July 21, 2019

Landscaping works contributing to further biodiversity loss

Jessica Arena

 

A few decades ago, butterflies of every shape and colour would take off in swarms as you walked under carob trees. Nowadays, the decline of butterflies is occurring at such a high rate that when naturalists spot a particularly uncommon species, they do not disclose its location; to protect the insects from harm.

While migratory butterflies can still be spotted with some frequency, local butterflies have all but disappeared from view. Landscaping works being carried out without consideration for local fauna and flora are having a devastating effect of the state of Maltese biodiversity, according to experts.

Jake Farrugia, an earth systems student and amateur lepidopterist, recounts how just earlier this month, while collecting fennel for his own larvae, he spotted a large number of swallowtail butterfly larvae nestled in the fennel bushes. Returning to the site a few days later, Mr Farrugia says that during landscaping works in Triq il-Buskett, Rabat, the native fennel bushes on the side of the road were all removed, taking the butterfly larvae with them.

“Plants growing under country walls and other walls are essential in providing micro habitats for all sorts of flora and fauna,” Mr Farrugia says.

“A butterfly looking to deposit eggs, such as the swallowtail, would have gladly chosen this spot since it is sheltered from the sun and wind as well as potential predators.”

The removal of fennel bushes and other local flora constitutes as habitat loss… We are shooting ourselves in the foot,” Mr Farrugia says, adding that the desire to ’embellish’ public spaces is not allowing nature to adapt .

Alfred Baldacchino, an environmentalist and former assistant director at the Mepa Environmental Directorate, describes the conservation of biodiversity as pitiful.                   ,

“Despite the fact that the Environment and Resources Authority is responsible for biodiversity protection and conservation through the enforcement of EU legislation, they  are incompetent, ignorant of the situation and failing to take any proactive measures,” Mr Baldacchino says.

Biodiversity loss can be attributed to an intersecting number of external situations, the most pressing of which, according to Mr Baldacchino, is climate change. Rapid changes in temperature, the use of fossil fuels and pesticides are compounded upon flora and fauna, giving the environment very little time to adjust.

“ERA is incompetent and ignorant of the situation”

“This year alone we have seen temperatures in France soar to 45’C, several fires in Europe, the destruction of Miżieb,” says Mr Baldacchino.

“There is a complete lack of interest, lack of tangible effort, lack of any help at all from the Ministry responsible for climate change and the environment.”

According to Mr Baldacchino, the ERA and Ambjent Malta are not doing enough to mitigate  the   effects  of   climate change and prevent further biodiversity loss through adequate conservation plans.

“Mizieb is a case in point,” he says,”first there’s a disaster and afterwards we run a study about how it could have been prevented.”

When it comes to landscaping, Mr Baldacchino says the authorities and entities concerned demonstrate a pattern of disinterest and wilful ignorance with respect the havoc being wreaked on native flora.

“The Environmental Landscapes Consortium is the worst enemy of biodiversity,” Mr Baldacchino says. “Their only interest is.monetary profit. Despite the fact that they have been paid €8 million a year for the past 15 years from public funds, all they have to show for it is the destruction of biodiversity, use of chemicals and water-thirsty turfs which compete with local flora.”

There is a public perception of biodiversity that regards the majority of wayside flora as ‘ħaxix ħażin’ (weeds) and that its removal causes only superficial damage. This position is something Mr Baldacchino calls “professional ignorance” as even school children are taught that flora is an integral part of the ecosystem.

Wayside flora are unique ecological niches and  often serve as breeding grounds for insects and other fauna, as well as being highly attractive to pollinators, such as bees and even butterflies.

The careless removal of these niches could spell doom not just for our butterflies but for the long term health of the environment itself, Mr Baldacchino stresses.

“When ELC act like they derive pleasure from removing every blade of grass that grows, we only have a recipe for disaster.”

aebaldacchino@gmail.com

 


More biodiversity destruction with EU funds – confirmed

March 10, 2019

Alfred E. Baldacchino

Sunday, 10th March, 2019

Following my latest blog of 4th March 2019, regarding the destruction of Maltese biodiversity by the Ministry for Transport, with the use of EU funds,  Infrastructure Malta, in the portfolio of Dr Ian Borg, the Minister for Transport and Infrastructure, have issued a statement saying that the works being carried out are being done “within existing road footprint” and ” “in line with applicable road works permits”.

On the other hand, the Environment and Resource Authority in its press statement  dated Tuesday 5th March, 2019, confirmed that the government road agency’s work had been carried out without the necessary permits, resulting in “environmental destruction”.

ERA’s press release confirmed that: Because of these works, it resulted that there is the destruction of the natural habitat suffered from the laying of construction material on the land which before was colonised by natural vegetation; leading to a physical change of the valley and the water course’s profile.

Besides, these works are all taking place without the necessary permits from the Authority (ERA).

For ease of reference to those who want to see for themselves, this is the link of the ERA press release.

I am sure that the Ministry for Transport officials have brought this ERA statement to their Minster.

Minister Ian Borg knows the site very well because it is in his constituency. A visit to the site, would at once reveal that the Ministry for Transport agency Infrastructure Malta’s press-release is totally incorrect, not only scientifically, factually, but also politically.

The gutter on the right shows to what extent the rich valley bed has been reduced to. And according to Ministry for Transport, this is a footprint of the once farmer’s country path. 

By all means let the farmers be given a helping hand, but not by widening a country path to two or three lanes. And certainly not by obliterating a valley bed, so rich in indigenous Maltese biodiversity, and disrupting the hydrology of the area, impeding the contribution to the water table and the farmers’ wells, if this is of any importance to the Minster’s experts in road widening.

Neither is it in the farmers’ interest in having their rubble walls destabilised, which eventually will be so detrimental to them.

Which professional architect, (unless of course over-ruled), would plan, and approve such damaging works which will lead to the eventual destruction of the rubble wall, and say it is in the interest of the farmers.

Renowned botanists friends of mine have confirmed that a rare indigenous protected tree was destroyed and annihilated, in the parts where the works were carried out by the Ministry for Transport.

A number of environmental NGOs and individuals have also all expressed their concern, dismay and anger against such damaging works by this Ministry.

I am sure Minister’s Borg ‘experts’ have drawn his attention to a number of EU Directives all of which have obligations, even with regards to the works in valleys. Just in case they did not, I would like to draw the Minster’s attention to the following:

  • Valleys are all subject to the EU Water Framework Directive. The local Competent Authority recognised by the EU for surface water in the Maltese Islands is The Energy and Water Agency, in the portfolio of the Ministry for Energy and Water Management, Joe Mizzi. Has the Ministry for Transport discussed the hydrological impacts of their works with this Ministry?
  • Biodiversity management, protection and enforcement is under the responsibility of the Environment and Resources Authority – ERA, in the portfolio of the Minister for Environment, Dr José Herrera, mainly through the EU Habitat Directive, and other International Conventions. Has the Ministry for Transport discussed the impact of their works with this Ministry. Definitely not, according to ERA itself.
  • Wied l-isqof is adjacent to the Natura 2000 site of Buskett and Girgenti. This means, according to the EU Habitats Directive, that any works even outside the boundary of the Natura 2000 site which can have an impact on the Natura 2000 site has to be discussed with the Competent Authority recognised by the EU, that is, ERA. Has Transport Malta discussed the negative biodiversity impacts of their works with this Ministry? Definitely not.
  • The newly appointed AmbjentMalta, is also responsible for valley management. It is also in the portfolio of the Minister for the Environment. Has Transport Malta discussed the impact of their works with this Ministry. Again definitely not as also confirmed by The Ministry for the Environment itself.
  • I would not like to mention the Planning Authority because as far as I am concerned, this authority, coincidentally in the portfolio of Dr Ian Borg Ministry, is more of a rubber stamp than anything else, with only paper professionalism not reflected in decisions taken.
  • The question is: from whom did the Ministry for Transport obtain the necessary permits as stated in their press statement?

I cannot image that the Energy and Water Agency responsible in Malta for honouring the obligations of the EU Water Framework Directive, agreed to render the valley at Wied l-Isqof to a gutter. Perhaps the Ministry for Transport can explain.

I have known Dr Ian Borg since he was a Mayor at Dingli Local Council. We had long discussions regarding the environment. I was convinced that he would be in the front line to protect our natural and international heritage for the good of our country Malta. I still do believe this, unless of course I am corrected by Dr Borg himself.

That is why I ask myself, how is it possible that such biodiversity damaging works are being carried out under his political responsibility, which are far from being environmental friendly in any way.

This make me think that the Minster is not being kept up to date and made aware of the damages being done by his Ministry’s, funded  by the EU.

I am sure that his biodiversity ‘experts’ cannot distinguish between a Sonchus and a Sambucus, and are completely unaware of environmental obligations Malta has, both nationally and internationally.

The damages being done is not just environmentally. It also reflects lack of good governance. It highlights the degradation of the biodiversity of Malta, who as a member of the EU, is obliged to safeguard biodiversity by 2020, according to the EU biodiversity Strategy 2020, This is not done by using EU funds to destroy biodiversity in the name of ‘help to farmers’.

Such works are also embarrassing those Ministries responsible for EU Directives above mentioned, who were not even consulted, not to include the whole country vis-a-vis the EU, if this is of any concern to the Ministry for Transport.

Infrastructure Malta has issued tenders for resurfacing works of various rural roads (IM001/2019). Can the Minister, who has the ultimate responsibility, ensure the Maltese people that such works will not continue to destroy more biodiversity with EU funds, but will be undertaken in line with Malta’s national and international obligations? Can he also take action to restore the damages done in country paths by his Ministry?

Photos have already appeared on the social media with regards to biological diversity massacre at il-Lunzjata.

More biodiversity destruction in il-Lunzjata Malta (subject to correction this is also in the Minister for Transport constituency). One can see the old footprint, and the additional widening resulting in the destruction of biodiversity, presumably with EU funds also. One can also see the butchering of trees undertaken. Can ERA please note and take necessary action. (photos Courtesy of V Abela Facebook/09.03.2019)

https://www.etenders.gov.mt/epps/cft/viewContractNotices.do?resourceId=5258763&fbclid=IwAR2YqL7wX72IATtkm_AVXFwVR0ik-heisQtCZ45fbTzjdAQ6WIYZdFboVgA

If the Minister can bring this electoral poster to the attention of his officials, perhaps they can remember this electoral promise.

One thing is very very obvious. Infrastructure Malta are carrying out works in the name of the Minister, without any professional expertise in biodiversity, or hydrology, no awareness of national and international obligations, and no consultations whatsoever, either with official entities, like ERA, and the Energy and Water Agency, or with individuals and NGOs. The fact that they are undertaking road works with EU funds, does not justify the bulldozing of biodiversity as is being done.

I will still be following the development of such works, not only in the farmers’ interest, but also in the interest of the protection of our national natural heritage, in line with national and international obligations, for the benefit of this and future generations who have lent it to us. And knowing Dr Ian Borg, I do expect his help in achieving this.

aebaldacchino@gmail.com

related article:

EU funds destroy Maltese biodiversity


EU funds destroy Maltese biodiversity

March 4, 2019

Alfred E Baldacchino

Monday, 4th March, 2019

Having received a number of photos from many environmental friends, I paid a visit to Wied l-Isqof, yesterday, Sunday 3rd March 2019 to see for myself what is being done.

The photos taken shows the great irresponsibility in the work being supported, and financed by the Ministry for Transport. To the extent that now I regard biodiversity destruction in the Maltese Islands as synonymous with the works undertaken by this Ministry (also keeping in mind that the Planning Authority is also in the portfolio of this Minsiter)

Following a lengthy exchange of emails with officials of the Ministry for Transport, all I could get from them is an apologetic reply:

Grazzi hafna tal-email tieghek u kif ghidtlek f’korrospondenza precedenti u anki meta ltqajna fil-passat, it-tnejn li ahna nixtiequ l-gid tal-bdiewa taghna li b’tant dedikazzjoni jiehdu hsieb l-ucuh tal-ghelieqi fil-pajjiz, xi haga li hija mportanti ghal biodiversità. 

Fuq sigar, sfortunatament dawn tqacctu bil-maltemp imma ser inkunu qed inhawlu sigar indigeni kid tajjeb irtakomandajtilna int f’rapporti li kkumissjonajnik biex taghmel ghalina.

 Meaning: Many thanks for your email and as I told you before in previous correspondence, even when we met in the past, both of us have the interest of  our farmers, who with so much dedication cultivate their fields in the country, something, which is important for biodiversity.

With regards to trees, unfortunately these were damaged by the storm, but we are going to plant indigenous trees as you so rightly recommended in your reports which we have commissioned you to compile for us.

NO,  definitely not, this is not in the interest of the farmers. They will have to pay a heavy price because of such works. And there were other suggestions in the reports mention. Works being undertaken are diametrically opposite to the recommendations made.

 Furthermore information forwarded by me to the Ministry for Transport, and others, have all been ignored, , which leads me to conclude that they are reluctant to stop the destruction being done:

  • the country paths in valleys are being turned into highways ;
  • some areas in the valleys seem more like urban squares – big enough to hold political or public meetings.
  • the complete destruction of vegetation and other fauna in the pathways have all been destroyed;
  • the concrete paths made are, in some places, lower than the foundation of the rubble walls. These will eventually all collapse;
  • The valley bed has been reduced to a gutter, with a four-lane concrete road taking its place;
  • European Union money is being used for this destruction of biodiversity. Something which the EU is, not only against, but has a program to conserve biodiversity by 2020.
  • It is not true that the trees at Wied l-Isqof were damaged by the latest strong winds, but by the irresistible chainsaws paid for by the Ministry for Transport.

All these are, according to the Ministry for Transport, in ‘the interest of our farmers’. NO this is not in the interest of our farmers as far as I am concerned. They will have to pay dearly for such mismanagement of the environment.  Most of the works can be done with more thought, more professionalism, and more attention to local and international obligations. But it seems this is not in the interest of the Ministry for Transport. It seems that they are having more fun in such destruction, and how they are spending the EU money, despite the public outcry and criticism of such destruction so loud on social media.

I believe that this follows the complete failure in managing transport by the Ministry for Transport who are now turning to exploit every country path, in ’the name of farmers’ to widen and give it a fresh covering of concrete so that it can be used as a by-pass for traffic. Naturally with a little bit of help from their Planning Authority.

This is being done in a number of valleys both in Malta and in Gozo.

Hope I won’t be disturbing the Environment and Resources Authority, but can they intervene please to stop such destruction of our biodiversity?

Some of the photos taken yesterday, of the works blessed, authorised and paid for by the Ministry of Transport, from public and EU funds, naturally for the ‘benefit of farmers’

rubble wall foundation exposed – naturally in the farmers’ interests

Valley bed filled in. No problem it is only destroying biodiversity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

More effects of the strong winds? Why not tell this to the marines?

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the benefit of our farmers: a four-lane concrete road in the valley bottom!

 

The valley bed reduced to a gutter to make way for a four-lanes concrete road.

More destruction of the valley bed, naturally ‘for the benefit of farmers’ too.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rejoice farmers, rejoice. This is all being done in your name. You can now also race your pickup trucks without any fear of having them scratched. Rejoice.

Future Ministers will have to apply for EU funds to restore collapsed rubble walls which collapsed through the help of EU funds.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A country path for the benefit of our farmers! It has to be the Ministry for Transport to come up with such a vision, naturally with a little bit of help from their Planning Authority.

 

Will we be having horse racing in this country path built for the benefit of farmers, and also to accommodate the former too?

Ministry officials ‘experts’ say that this tree was damaged by the strong winds. The winds must have been carrying chainsaws to achieve this. And the winds must have been God sent to eliminate the tree which was obstructing the country path!


Valley – check with likes

January 23, 2019

Wednesday, January 23, 2019

Alfred E Baldacchino

The news of the restoration of Wied il-Qlejgħa, alias Chadwick lakes, is good news. Not least because the ‘cleaning of valleys’ has been put to bed.

The largest dam at Wied il-Qlejgħa in all its glory

The measures highlighted in the media for such restoration are also something to look forward to, namely: restoration of dilapidated rubble walls; removal of the playing area; removal of invasive alien species of flora and fauna; removal of accumulated sediment behind dams; restoration and utilisation of the Fiddien pumping station; and the planning of walking trails.

Dilapidated rubble walls – not an uncommon site after some heavy rainfall

Valleys in the Maltese islands are a sensitive ecological areas – much ignored, unappreciated and abused. These have been abandoned and mismanaged for years, making their restoration more delicate. They are dried river beds, once adorned with dwarf hippopotamus and endemic swan. Climate change reduced these rich fresh water habitats to what they are today.

30+ year old gabbjuni still uncolonised by indigenous flora.

 

Dilapidated rubble walls is the first item that should be addressed, thus stopping soil erosion, one of the main culprits for the filling up of the dams.

The use of gabbjuni (big cages) to repair/replace rubble walls should not even be considered. A look at the 30-year-old gabbjuni installed along the valley, shows how barren they are. Not even the tenacious invasive cape sorell (l-ingliża) has managed to colonise any of them.

The play area in the midst of willow trees. Now who would have thought of this?

The removal of the playing area in the midst of the valley is a sine qua non. I wonder who was the architect who conceived this idea in the middle of one of the largest valley in the Maltese Islands!

Alien invasive eucalyptus trees dominate the valley. One might have to tread careful here because these can be protected by the latest tree protection regulations issued by ERA.

The removal of invasive alien species of flora and  fauna is another step in the right direction.

No need to say that this is a sensitive and delicate endeavour. It is not just bulldozing them on the lines of how the Ministry of Transport bulldozes trees. The invasive species of flora have to be gradually removed  in some areas, while being replaced by indigenous species.

Invasive species growing in Wied il-Qlejgħa include: she oak (less than a dozen), castor oil trees (less than 100), acacias and eucalyptus (more than a score and twenty of each species).

Their removal has to be professional so as not to contribute further to their dispersal. This applies mainly to the castor oil tree which has to be uprooted, and burned on site thus eliminating the possibility of giving it a free ride and opportunity to its seeds to germinate on new reclaimed grounds.

Furthermore, indigenous species which grow in the valley, such as poplar trees, willows, almond trees, lentisks, olive trees, chaste trees,  should not be mistaken for invasive species and removed. Not a far-fetched concern.

The removal of invasive alien species of flora and fauna is another step in the right direction. No need to say that this is a sensitive and delicate endeavour

On the other hand, the notorious lately introduced red swamp crayfish also abounds in the valley, detrimental to any fresh aquatic life such as indigenous painted frog and its tadpole, dragonflies and water beetles larvae. The person who introduced such alien species, should be chained to a poplar tree until the last crayfish is collected.

The indigenous poplar tree – adorns its natural habitat. No it is not dead.

On the other hand indigenous trees adapted to such a riverine habitat include the poplar tree, already established in the valley, willow (two species also established), chaste tree (of which there is half a dozen) and rare species of ash and elm.

AmbjentMalta can start propagating them immediately so that they will be readily available for planting as standard trees as soon as a parcel of the valley has been restored.

There are also a number of indigenous flora, some  rare and scarce aquatic species, such as water cress, sanicle-leaved water crowfoot, and bulbous buttercup. Others not so rare are greater plantain, creeping cinquefoil, rushes and sedges.

Rare and scarce aquatic plants whose seeds aestivate in the sediment. (Photos by Stephen Mifsud).

 

Another delicate exercise is the removal of debris, and sediment accumulated behind the two main water dams. Presumably, one would think, this would be undertaken during the hot summer months when the cisterns are dry. This means that the top layer of the sediment will be full of seeds and ova of species frequenting the aquatic habitat. The collecting of approximately 15 cm of scraped surface sediment to be redeposited in the restored parts, would contribute to the survival of these rare species.

motor bike tracks in the main footpaths 

The valley bottom is constantly being abused by off-roading motorbikes as one can see from the erosion of footpaths and fresh tyre marks.

One of the shallow dams closest to Fiddien has also been damaged to make easier access.

Modern environment friendly public access gate

So the suggestions for walking trails is another positive approach, especially if these are somewhat raised from the ground, for the convenience of wild fauna.

Furthermore, public access gates can be installed along the way, as a measure for controlling bikes – motor or manual.

I know that if Dr Daniel Micallef, one of the few politicians with environment at heart, could see this, I am sure he would send some people to hell.

The Fiddien box, which was restored during the time when Daniel Micallef was Minister for Education and Environment, has long been vandalised and the heavy water pump has seemingly disappeared – hopefully taken by the Water Services Corporation for safe keeping?

The plans for their restoration and educational use is also another positive step.

The second dam, needing some structural repairs, still contributes its best for the storage of water, before it passes it to Wied tal-Isperanza.

Once restoration works are completed, the valley has to be monitored and managed. Traffic management tops the list.

This will ensure that the number of vehicles frequently jamming the area on public holidays and Sundays will not bring such restoration to naught by their haphazard parking. So it would be beneficial to one and all if the road through the valley is made one way: from Imtarfa to Mosta.

The farming community can have an identification permit displayed on car windscreens, to allow them to use it both ways during working days.

The proof of this EU funded pudding is in the eating.

I will be watching grastis et amoris patria, naturally.

Alfred Baldacchino is a former assistant director of the Malta Environment and Planning Authority’s environment directorate.

This is a Times of Malta print opinion piece

aebaldacchino@gmail.com

related articles on this blog:

Jappella biex Chadwick lakes jigi mmaniġġat aħjar

In-nixfa tax-xitwa u s-siġra tal-lewż

https://alfredbaldacchino.wordpress.com/2014/06/24/xqed-naghmlu-bl-ilma-tax-xita/

https://alfredbaldacchino.wordpress.com/2014/04/28/water-harvesting-culture/

https://alfredbaldacchino.wordpress.com/2013/11/20/aghmel-xita-aghmel-2/

 

 

 


IL-QERD IN-NAĦAL… u n-naħal

October 19, 2015

NewsBook

It-Tnejn, 19 ta’ Ottubru, 2015

Il-Qerd in-naħal

Alfred E. Baldacchino

Dawn il-ġranet rajna numru ta’ għasafar ipassu lejn l-Afrika, uħud anki jinżlu fil-qiegħa. Xi snin ilu ma kienx daqshekk faċli li wieħed seta’ jarahom, u għalhekk kien ta’ sodifassjon tara nies minn kull faxxa tas-soċjetà, siekta tħares, tissaħħar u anki tieħu ritratt, kemm bil-mowbajl kif ukoll b’apparat sofistikat tar-ritratti.

Fost l-għasafar kbar li kellna x-xorti li naraw mill-qrib kien hemm numru ta’ ċikonji bojod. Jistrieħu tefa’ ta’ ġebla ’l bogħod f’għalqa għal ftit taż-żmien qabel ikomplu bil-vjaġġ tagħhom. Rajna wkoll, fost oħrajn, numru ta’ qerd in-naħal kollha kuluri, sbieh, itiru b’mod li jsaħħar. Stajna naraw is-seher u l-mirakli tan-natura iseħħu pass ’l bogħod.

qerd-in-naħal

Kien ta’ sodisfazzjon li wieħed seta’ jara l-frott tal-ħidma sfiqa u fejjieda ta’ matul is-snin, kemm ta’ għaqdiet ambjentali mhux governattivi, numru ta’ individwi, kif ukoll għalliema u anki l-gazzetti u x-xandir.

Ħassejt bħal sajjetta fil-bnazzi meta qrajt u smajt lil xi ħadd jgħid, anki fuq il-mezzi tax-xandir, li ma jieħux gost jara dan l-għasfur għaliex, kif qal, il-qerd in-naħal jagħmel il-ħsara għax jiekol n-naħal. Inħsadt u erġajt pass lura, għax dan il-kumment jikxef il-ħtieġa ta’ bżonn ta’ aktar edukazzjoni, aktar tgħarif, u aktar bżonn biex wieħed jifhem li l-għasafar huma parti mill-ekosistema li twieżen anki lilna l-bnedmin.

qerd-in-na]al-2

dehra f’pajjiżna tal-Qerd in-naħal

Huwa minnu li l-qerd in-naħal jiekol in-naħal kif jixhed ismu wara kollox. Imma minbarra n-naħal dan l-għasfur jiekol inseti oħra bħal ngħidu aħna, fost oħrajn, żnażan, ċikkuġwiebi, u anki bagħal taż-żunżan. Dan l-aħħar smajna u qrajna kemm uħud huma beżgħana minn dan il-bagħal taż-żunżan li qed jersaq aktar qrib lejn l-urban. U dan il-qerd in-naħal jiekolhom biex jgħix u mhux b’kapriċċ jew għal xi gwadan ieħor. U għad hemm minn ma jistax u ma jridx jifhem li anki l-qerd in-naħal għandu l-rwol tiegħu fis-sistema ekoloġika. In-naħal li jiekol ikunu jew dawk xjuħ, jew inkella mhux b’saħħithom, u għalhekk ikun qiegħed inaqqi l-kolonja minn dawk li jkunu aktar ta’ piż għall-kolonja. Waqt li jiekol hu jkun qed jagħmel il-ġid lin-naħal.

Meta smajt dan il-kumment li l-qerd in-naħal jagħmel il-ħsara lil min irabbi n-naħal għax jiekol in-naħal, ftakart f’dawk il-flus kemm pubbliċi u kemm le, li jintefqu biex jinxtara u jitħallsu n-nies biex ibexxu kimika velenuża matul il-mogħdijiet u fil-beraħ biex joqtlu l-flora u l-fawna li tgħix matulhom. U minbarra l-flora u x-xgħat tal-friefet, u fawna oħra li jinqerdu, jinqerdu wkoll in-naħal: iva n-naħal. U mhux in-naħal biss jinqerdu, imma meta n-naħal imċappsin bil-kimika qerrieda jmorru ġol miġbħa tagħhom, mhux biss iċappsu lin-naħal oħra, imma jgħaddu din il-kimika wkoll fl-għasel, kif studju fl-Amerika wera.

naħlla-fuq-fjura

In-naħal huwa parti mill-ekosistema u qed isofru telf kbir minħabba l-bexx kimiku li qiegħed jitbexx għall-raġunijiet kummerċjali.

Imbagħad ikun hemm xi ħadd li jrabbi n-naħal u bla mistħija jgħid li għax il-qerd in-naħal jiekol naħla jew tnejn biex jgħix, dan qed jaghmel il-ħsara! Imma meta bniedem, bil-għerf li għandu jbexx kimika qerrieda biex jeqred il-ħajja li jolqot, għall-qliegħ tal-flus, dan mhux qed jagħmel ħsara, lanqas lin-naħal!

Kulħadd jaf, li dan il-bexx ta’ kimika qerrieda li qed tagħmel ħsara mhux biss lill-ekosistema imma anki lill-bniedem, qed isir għax il-politikanti responsabbli mill-kontrol ta’ dan il-bexx qerriedi, li qed isir u jitħallas bi flus pubbliċi, jew ma għandhom lil ħadd biex jiftħilhom għajnejhom fuq din il-ħsara u din il-ħela ta’ flus pubbliċi, jew inkella mhux interessati li jwaqqfu din il-qerda, għaliex jarawha bħala xi ħaġa kummerċjali li tħalli l-qliegħ lil min jużaha.

U ġib il-għaġeb, kif qalli xi ħadd midħla ta’ dawk li jrabbu n-naħal, li hemm ukoll xi ħadd minnhom li jimportaw il-bexx għall-bejgħ biex jeqred il-ħajja, u jispiċċaw jinqerdu n-naħal ukoll. Imma dan għalihom ma jagħmilx ħsara lin-naħal. Wieħed hawn jista’ jgħid li sakemm in-naħal jinqerdu għall-qligħ tal-flus, allura mhux ħażin u ma ssirx ħsara!

Dan juri biċ-ċar li f’dan il-pajjiż, wieħed irid jieħu, jieħu, u jkompli jieħu mingħajr l-ebda ħsieb jew rieda li jgħati xi ftit lura: xejn. U għax għasfur jieħu naħla biex jiekol u mhux għall-qliegħ jew għall-kummerċ, dan qed jagħmel il-ħsara, u qed jagħmel għar minn dak li jimporta, u jbexx din il-kimika qerrieda li toqtol mhux biss lin-naħal, imma kull ħlejqa li tmiss ma’ dan il-bexx. U hemm il-barka tal-politikanti biex dan il-bexx qerried ikompli jsir, anki jekk jeqred lin-naħal. Imma huwa l-għasfur il-qerd in-naħal li jingħad li qed jagħmel il-ħsara!

bexx-fuq-in-naħal

Dan mhux l-għasfur qerd in-naħal. Imma huwa qerd in-naħal mill-bniedem għal raġunijeit kummerċjali, uħud minnhom imħallsa minn flus pubbliċi. U għall-uħud li jrabbu n-naħal dan mhux xejn ħażin!

 

aebaldacchino@gmail.com

 


The garden at Salina park

February 9, 2013

times

Friday, February 8, 2013

by Alfred E. Baldacchino

A report was carried in The Times on the extension of the “landscaped gardens in Salina park” (January 14).
Such projects can be very beneficial if they are accomplished with in-depth planning and management. I have gone through the project description statement (PDS) submitted for the extension. Unfortunately, the document lacks important data to enable support for such a project.
Nonetheless, with some suggestions and comments, such a ‘garden’ can achieve its aims without any negative social and ecological impacts.
Let’s start with water. Although the use of water can contribute to the natural environment of the park in a number of ways, be they aesthetical, ecological or social, one has to keep in mind and emphasise that water is a scarce resource.
The PDS refers to “water features” without any indication of what these actually   are. Keeping in mind the recent obsession with ‘water fountains’, one cannot be  blamed for thinking that these are some of the features referred to, which, in some cases, are completely unsustainable.
The PDS also refers to a new dug ‘water cistern’, which is slightly larger than half the size of the proposed underground space for a “pump room and services”. The water storage for use in watering trees and for the ‘water features’ is definitely not adequate, as indicated by the need of a ‘water
tanker for filling in the water reservoir’.
There is also no indication of why the water cistern in question is so small when there is so much flood water being channelled to the sea and the sewer system. The pull-quote in The Times report – “A long stretch of stream will refresh the atmosphere” – is quite inappropriate, considering the local precarious water situation because this can also hole a number of public pockets. How sustainable is the use of such a scarce resource as suggested in the PDS?
There is then the issue of trees. The PDS indicates areas where new trees are to be planted but there is no data whatsoever on such trees. To better enable more comments, suggestions and support for the project, additional information is needed, such as: the species of trees to be used; whether the trees are indigenous or exotic; whether the supply of trees is to be obtained from local stock or imported; whether there are plans to implement the Government’s obligations in contributing to the European Union loss of biodiversity campaign by utilising endangered or rare indigenous trees propagated from local stock and adequate to such a habitat; whether the
new ‘garden’ will be according to the guidelines of the National Environment Policy, the Flora, Fauna and Natural Habitats Protection Regulations, 2006, the Trees and Woodlands Protection Regulations, 2011 and other related national and EU obligations with regard to the protection of biodiversity.
There is absolutely no reference to this at all in the PDS and, considering the way that ‘landscaping’ is mentioned in the proposal, it makes it a bit more difficult to support such a project given such lack of important data.
Another consideration is use of electricity. The PDS refers to the need of electricity for ‘pedestrian lighting’ but, again, there is no indication or line drawings of how this lighting will be used and controlled. This ‘park’ or ‘garden’ will, no doubt, become a natural habitat for nocturnal fauna but there is no mention of mitigation measures of how these would not be disturbed. More data is also needed to enable both the public and environmental groups to comment on the use of the planned ‘pedestrian lighting’.

With regard to the management of the site, annex 1 (reference to figure 2: aerial view – photographic survey) attached to the PDS, shows that, in certain areas, some of the trees are planted too close to each other, thus preventing the proper growth of a tree canopy. This can lead one to conclude that either the site is not properly managed or else that the number of trees planted is more important than the final grove itself.
Such crowded trees will necessitate future thinning and this is a waste of resources (financial, human, and ecological), especially where the trees involved cannot be replanted, such as the Pinus species.

Such a ‘garden’ in the ‘park’ (I cannot understand the need for such a distinction in this context) has to have a management plan but none is mentioned in the PDS. One has to see what conditions the Malta Environment and Planning Authority comes up with in connection with the permit, such as use and management of a managed natural habitat. Not that I am very optimistic because where government projects are involved, Mepa unfortunately uses the same rubber stamp.
No one would like to be led up a garden path for a walk in the park.
aebaldacchino@gmail.com
alfredbaldacchino.wordpress.com


Qerda tal-biodiversità fil-foss tal-Imdina… biex isir ġnien ta’ kwalità!

September 28, 2012

Dan l-aħħar qrajna u smajna stqarrijiet minn Ministru tal-Gvern dwar ġonna ta’ kwalità u spazji miftuħa għall-familji.

Meta wieħed jaqra u jisma’ l-kummenti ta’ dan il-Ministru tal-Gvern li huwa responsabbli minn dawn il-proġetti, wieħed mill-ewwel jifhem għaliex illum il-qerda tal-ambjent naturali hija daqstant kbira. U wieħed ma jistax ma jistaqsiex numru ta’ misoqsijiet, bħal ngħidu aħna:

  1. Bliema immaġinazzjoni jista’ xi ħadd jgħid li sejjer jagħmel ġnien ta’ kwalità u fl-istess ħin jaqla’ u jeqred ammont kbir ta’ sigar b’impatt kbir fuq il-biodiversità tal post?  (ara ritratti aktar l-isfel).
  2. Kif jista’ wieħed jgħid li sejjer jagħmel ġnien ta’ kwalità u fl-istess ħin jiksi l-post b’medda wiesgħa ta’ konkos; konkos aktar milli hemm u aktar milli kien hemm siġar qabel ma beda x-xogħol? (ara ritratti aktar l-isfel)
  3. Liema raġuni xjentifika tiġġustifika li biex isir ġnien ta’ kwalità titqaxxar u tinqered il-liedna kollha li kien hemm fil-post u li kienet tħaddar u tiksi metri kwadri kbar tal-ħajt tal-ġnien Howard Gardens (mhux mal-ħajt tas-sur) u li kienet toffri ambjent naturali għall-numru ta’ fawna indiġena? Din kienet ukoll issebbaħ u tgħati l-ħajja lill-kull ġnien anki jekk mhux ta’ kwalità. U dan minkejja li l-Gvern ta’ Malta huwa obbligat u marbut mill-Unjoni Ewropea biex jara li jieħu miżuri biex ma tkomplix tinqered il-biodiversità tal-Unjoni Ewropea li aħna parti minnha. Il-Ministri tal-Ambjent (anki dawk li jgħidu li xi darba kienu Ministri tal-Ambjent) din kollha jafuha, kemm mid-dokumenti tal-UE li jirċevu, kif ukoll mill-laqgħat tal-Kunsill tal-Ministri li jattendu.

Fid-diskors tiegħu fil-video li deher fil-ġurnal The Times

http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20120918/local/mdina-ditch-being-transformed-into-quality-garden.437446

dan il-Ministru qal li ma nqerdux siġar.  Jekk wieħed iħares lejn ir-ritratti hawn mehmuża, waħdu jasal f’konklużjoni waħda.

  1. Kif jista’ xi ħadd jgħid li dan ix-xogħol qed jerġa jieħu dan il-post għall-ġranet passati tal-glorja tiegħu?  Sa fejn naf jien fi żmien l-Għarab u l-Kavallieri ma kienux jużaw konkos (sakemm xi perit ma jikkoreġinix!) li llum huwa l-aktar ħaġa li tispikka f’dan il-ġnien (u ġonna oħra simili) ta’ kwalità. Lanqas kienu jiżirgħu turf  għax l-ilma għalihom kien jiswa mitqlu deheb, u lanqas kienu jagħmlu ilma ħiereġ jiżfen mill-art!  U lanqas ma kienu jużaw lift biex jinżlu mis-swar għall-foss. Jidher li l-Għarab u l-Kavallieri li ħakmu pajjiżna tant għexieren ta’ snin ilu, kellhom viżjoni ferm u ferm aktar professjonali, ekonomika, soċjali, ambjentali u sostenibbli milli għandhom il-mexxejja politiċi Maltin tal-lum, minkejja li dak iż-żmien ma kienx hemm obbligi ambjentali internazzjonali bħal ma għandna llum u lanqas kellhom Ministri tal- Ambjent.
  2. Ir-Rabtin u l-ġirien tagħhom  ma għandhomx bżonn xi politku li ma għandu l-ebda idea ta’ xi tfisser biodiversità biex jgħamillhom ġnien ta’ kwalità! U lanqas għandhom bżonn spazji miftuħa għall-familji għax għandhom biżżejjed spazji miftuha. Żgur li ma għandhomx bżonn ta’ spazju miftuħ ġo foss. U jekk kien hemm il-ħsieb li dan il-foss jinfetaħ għal kulħadd, kull ma kien hemm bżonn kien  li jitneħħew il-katnazzi li kienu jsakkru l-bibien li jgħalqu l-aċċess għal kulħadd. Li kieku dan id-diskors jintqal lill-kostitwenti ta’ min qalhom, li llum huma ferm u ferm konxji mill-ambjent naturali u l-qerda li l-konkos qed jagħmel lil dan l-ambjent, żgur li kienu jibgħatuh jistgħad biex forsi jaqbad xi mazzun!
  3. Imma veru li biex tagħmel ġnien ta’ kwalità illum l-ingredjenti huma: a) konkos; b) turf; c) ilma jiżfen; d)  issa anki lift; u e) l-qerda tal-biodiversità tal-post kollha, kif sar fil-foss tal-Imdina u f’kull hekk imsejjaħ ġnien ieħor li qed isir mill-istess ministeru?
  4. Ħarsa lejn il-kummenti li kien hemm fil-gazzetti f’dawn il-links

http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20120918/local/mdina-ditch-being-transformed-into-quality-garden.437446

http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20120919/local/Mdina-ditch-returned-to-glory.437501

u fir-ritratti li ħadt jien stess u li wħud minnhom jidhru hawn taħt, kollha jitkellmu u juru  d-disastru li sar bi flus pubbliċi u b’dawk tal-Unjoni Ewropea.

  1. Forsi hawnhekk ta’ minn jistaqsi minn qed jamministra l-fondi tal-UE, f’dan il-kas il-European Regional Development Fund?  Min qiegħed jawditjahom? Fejn jista’ l-pubbliku jara rendikont tal-infiq?
  2. Barra minhekk, minn qiegħed jara li jkun hemm diskussjoni pubblika fuq il-proġetti biex b’hekk ikun involut iċ-ċittadin fid-deċiżjoni, qabel jintefqu dawn il-flus? Dan ukoll huwa fost l-obbligi li titlob l-UE.
  3. Jiddispjaċini ngħid li l-ħsara li qed issir lill-biodiversità Maltija bi proġetti bħal dawn, bi skuża ta’ ġonna ta’ kwalità u spazji miftuħa għall-familji, trid aktar minn ġenerazzjoni biex titranġa.
  4. Dan il-ġnien sejjer ikollu kwalità waħda …. dik ta’  mafkar ta’ kif l-ambjent naturali qed jiġi sfruttat u mżeblaħ f’dawn l-aħħar snin, mingħajr ebda mistħija u ebda mgħodrija.
  5. Fl-aħħarnett min huma l-konsulenti tal-Ministru li huwa responsabbli biex jaraw li dan ix-xogħol ikun wieħed sostenibbli, jiġifieri li ma ssirx ħsara ekonomika, ħsara soċjali u ħsara ekoloġika kif qed issir?
  6. Nismagħhom jgħidu li hawn Malta kollox possibli, imma ma naħsebx li hawn xi ħadd li sab kif jgħatti x-xemx bl-għarbiel, għalkemm hawm min qed jipprova u qed jagħmel ħiltu kollha.

ARA WKOLL

http://www.orizzont.com.mt/Issues/19092012/social/article95864.html

http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20120918/local/mdina-ditch-being-transformed-into-quality-garden.437446

http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20120919/local/Mdina-ditch-returned-to-glory.437501

http://alfredbaldacchino.wordpress.com/2012/05/25/environmentali…ent-over-trees

https://alfredbaldacchino.wordpress.com/2012/07/31/once-there-were-green-leaves/

https://alfredbaldacchino.wordpress.com/2012/04/30/massacre-of-md…eally-involved/

https://alfredbaldacchino.wordpress.com/2012/02/27/government-policy-on-trees/

iL-BIODIVERSITA’   SINJURA TA’ QABEL BEDA X-XOGĦOL FIL-FOSS TAL-IMDINA U L-KWALITA’ TA’ QERDA LI SARET MINN META BEDA X-XOGĦOL FUQ IL-ĠNIEN TA’ KWALITA’

QABEL – Ringiela ta’ siġar taċ-Cipress li kienu jiffurmaw parti mill-biodiversità

WARA – L-unika siġra taċ-Cipress li baqa’ – MEJTA. L-oħrajn kollha nqalgħu u nqerdu. Ikun interessanti kieku l-esperti tal-Ministru jgħidulna kif mietet din is-siġra, jew aħjar jekk inqatletx b’xi kumbinazzjoni!  Ma naħsebx li issa sejjer ikun hemm xi ħadd li tniggżu l-kuxjenza biex jaqla’ siġra mejta, meta nqalgħu tant u tant siġar ħajjin minn dan il-post .

QABEL – ambjent naturali sinjur

WARA – parti mill- ġnien ta’ kwalità – anqas biodiversità, aktar konkos!

WARA – liedna  meqruda fil-ġnien ta’ kwalità

WARA – siġar taċ-Ċipress maqlugħa, meqruda  u mitfuha fl-art biex jagħmlu wisa għall-ġnien ta’ kwalità.

WARA – fdalijiet tas-siġar mejta taċ-Ċipress taħt it-tabella tal-Ministeru li qed jagħmel ġnien ta’ kwalità

QABEL U WARA – id-dehra tal-foss ftit wara li beda x-xogħol fuq il-ġnien ta’ kwalità.  Is-siġar immarkata b’salib isfar kollha ġew meqruda, jew maqlugħa.

WARA – post għeri mill-biodiversità fi ġnien ta’ kwalità fejn jispikka l-konkos u l-għibien tas-sigar li qabel kienu jżejnu dan il-post.

It-tabella imwarrba u mitluqa fl-art li madankollu turi l-għajuna finanzjarja li qed tgħati l-EU mill-European Regional Development Fund, għar-restawr tal-post, li qed isir fost oħrajn bit-tneħħija tal-biodiversità u kisi bil-konkos.


Siġar, Biodiversità u l-Unjoni Ewropea

May 9, 2012

07 Mejju, 2012

Saviour Balzan jintervista lil Alfred E. Baldacchino
fuq il-Programm Reporter

(If you cannot open link

highlight link, then right click, and then click on go to

OR

copy link and paste on google)


On pruning trees in Malta

April 12, 2012

12 April, 2012

On pruning trees in Malta

Alfred E Baldacchino

The appreciation of trees in the Maltese Islands is gaining great momentum among the general public, though unfortunatley the official side has still a lot of ground to cover to be in line with modern thinking, despite national and international  legal obligations and much publicised colourful plans and projects.

This has led to the creation of a blog on saving our trees which are so much under official pressure and being decimated by the dozen without any proper management and without any official regulator, making the political responsibility so much greater. Congratulations to all those who have given birth to such a blog and to all those, without exception, who are contributing to it. It is a healthy dialogue which one hopes one day will lead to a proper professional management of trees in Malta.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/227850170644983/

A reference was made in the blog to a  tree at Balzan which was damaged by the strong wind (Photo 2).   It grew  on a small traffic island at the end of a one way street reached from Balzan square. Because of the way it was pruned, it was so top-heavy, with a heavy crown on thin main branches,  that with a relatively  strong wind it cracked. This photo (2) was taken on 10th February 2008.

Today I passed from the site to see how the trees there were faring. They did recieve quite an extensive ‘haircut’ as photo 3 shows. To my asthonisment, the tree in photo 2 was not there. Wonder of wonders: it had either gone to heaven, or gone up in smoke. The traffic island though is still there but covered in concrete.

Scandalous management of street trees in Malta.
(photo taken by AEB on 10.02.08)

I walked further up the line of “hair-cut” trees to see how the tree in photo 1, the phallus shaped tree, had fared. It looks more like a lolipop than a tree, or  like an upside down phallus, hiding its head in shame  while exposing its pubic hair.

On this save the tree blog above mentioned, there is a very interesting, educational video regarding the pruning of ficus trees, and one should thank the person responsible for putting it there. But unfortuntely  many of the various suggestions and advice given in this video were not taken in consideration in pruning these trees? I sometimes believe that street trees in Malta have never seen any secutors (imqass taż-żabra) in their lives. Chainsaws are more quick in the job, and thus they do not drain any of the proifts, irrispective of the negative aesthetic value they leave behind (photo 3).

Trees crying in agony after chainsaw treatment, and possibly the one who gave such an order was having an orgasm. (photo taken by AEB,on 10th February 2008)

I remember, as I am sure many of the readers do, when the Department of Agriculture was still responsible for landscaping,  before the present Governemnt Contractor took over. Such trees used to be pruned with more dedication and with more feeling.  I remember the ficus trees at Saqajja Rabat, which, in those days, were professionally pruned in a  seemingly sculptured way, with a crown that extended from one end of the line to the other, and with small branches seemingly like a trellis, which were so adequate against the historic builidngs behind. At that time the Department of Agriculture did not have any of the resources that today’s  ‘landscapers’ have, but in the past they used to do miracles, with as little public expenses as possible.

If one looks at the way that street trees are being pruned today, one immediately asks how  professional this  is. True that one has to keep in mind that we live in Malta, where everything is possible, and where amateurism is called professinalism and professinalism is called fundamentalism!

While following the line of the trees pruned in 2008, still showing their wounds, I came across the cherry on the cake in present Maltese landscaping approved by the political masters. When I went  past the Lija Cemetery on the road to Mosta, an employee with a tank on his back, probably paid out of public funds, was spraying herbicide around all the trees lining the pavement! Now those who know something about ecology and nature conservation know that at this time of the year the undergrowth is full of life with the various stages of a number of fauna and flora, such as butterflies and moths which are becoming scarcer by the hour.  Those in official positions know that the Governemnt on behalf of Malta is obliged to take measures to control biodiversity loss, an obligation arising out of our EU Membership. Those who chose not to know anything about the subject, endorse invoices for the payment of such activities paid out of public funds.  The poltiical responsiblity is greater than one thinks. It is a permanent dent on the ecological set up of these islands, as much as tampering with Hagar Qim or Imnajdra is a permanent dent on the archaeological heritage of the islands. No wonder a person I met told me that the Maltese people hate trees!

Never in the history of ecological conservation in Malta,  (or its exploitation) have so few benefited at the expense of so many.


Trees, rubble walls and BSS

August 26, 2011

August 26, 2011

Trees, rubble walls and BSS

Alfred E. Baldacchino

A few weeks ago, workmen were laying out a pavement on either side of the Rabat road near the Ta’ Qali intersection. A layby for the new buses, I thought! And so it was.

Little thought, if any, was given either to the Aleppo pine trees and the rubble walls along the stretches of the new pavement. The Aleppo pines, which characterise this stretch of road leading to Rabat, show a number of scars, now including fresh ones, resulting from mismanagement. Some of the trees are completely engulfed in concrete, some with nails hammered in them, further sealing their miserable fate at the hands of unsustainable mismanagement of the living natural heritage.

Blatant infringement of the Trees and Woodland Protection Regulations published on 24 ta’ May, 2011, over the signature of the Prime Minister, the Minster responsible for the Environment.

In the same stretch, part of the rubble walls were also heavily damaged! In an ingeneous, indigenous way, a brick wall was built on the rubble wall. As I slowed in the traffic to clear the roundabout intersecting the Żebbuġ, Mtarfa and Rabat roads – the one where sprinklers usually water much of the road as much as they water the turf – I could not help think and ask myself how the lack of coordination between ministries reigns supreme in this land.

A 'newly restored rubble wall' . What about the regulations for the protection of rubble walls? Well that is the responsibility of the Minster for the Environment and not of the Minister responsible for such works!

A couple of weeks ago, the Malta Environment and Planning Authority declared new tree protection areas. In the same legal notice (200 of 2011), signed by the Prime Minister himself, there are two schedules of protected trees. The Aleppo pine trees along Rabat road are listed in schedule II. They are more than 50 years old and are growing in an outside development zone area.

The brutal fresh pruning of the protected Aleppo Pine, which could only have been carried out by approval from the Minister of Rural Affairs and the Minster for the Environmnet.

Schedule II trees are protected to the extent that no person shall bury in the ground, dump, or deposit, any soil, manure, waste, rubbish, stones, rubble, scrap metal or any refuse near them; not even attempt to. Mepa is responsible for the administration, implementation and enforcement of these regulations.

How the rubble wall protection regulations were brought to disrepute for one and all to see

Legal Notice 160 of 1997 protects rubble walls and non-habitable rural structures in view of their historical and architectural importance, their exceptional beauty, their affording a habitat for flora and fauna and their vital importance in the conservation of the soil and of water. It is unlawful to demolish them or to prevent free percolation of rainwater through rubble walls or to undermine the foundations of a rural construction.
The regulations add that no permit is required for sensitively executed repairs, provided that repairs are carried out using exclusively the same type of drystone rubble walling that composed the existing wall and that they do not significantly modify the overall profile or character of the wall. Again, Mepa is responsible for the administration, implementation and enforcement of these regulations.
Now, somebody in the corridors of power in this EU member state must be responsible for such works, unless, of course, someone convinces me that there is only a virtual government. The minister responsible for the environment cannot be held directly responsible for the works done but is directly responsible to ensure that environmental policies, laws and regulations are adhered to. He has a very expensive watchdog to see to this but it seems this watchdog is all bark and no bite.
The minister has the authority to direct in no uncertain way that the duty to protect the environment is not just his but is a collective political responsibility. As chairman of the National Sustainable Development Commission he has all the tools to do so. Unfortunately, as I finalised this article, I read in The Times that “Just before Parliament rose for the summer recess, Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi, who is responsible for environment matters, confirmed that the National Sustainable Development Commission was disbanded in 2008 after the government approved the sustainable development strategy”. And this despite national and EU obligations! Yet, we are also told that “the government puts responsibility for sustainable development at the ‘highest level’”.

When protected national heritage meets financial consideration and political decisions - despite the 'high level' or responsibility given to 'sustainable development'

What is the use of drafting regulations and national environment policies when some Cabinet colleagues and their staff are immune to the laws of the land? In the meantime, the watchdog, Mepa, like pale melancholy, sits retired, staring and ruminating its impotency to control the mauling of environmental and public assets.
I would not be surprised if I am taken to task by some colour-blinkered pen pusher on grounds that this is a trivial matter. Admittedly, I am not writing on the building of a new power station but the same concept, the same perception and the same vision (or lack of it) apply to both examples. First, go ahead with the development and, then, consider the regulations and see if there are any necessary permits to acquire. In the meantime, tell the gullible this is highest level of sustainable development at its best.

The long and winding road for protected trees in the Maltese Islands.

The Bisazza Street Syndrome (BSS) is rearing its ugly head – one legislates, another ignores. If BSS is not taken by the horns and immediately put in check, it will soon become the national environmental policy without any need for public consultations and without any need for backup legislation.
I can image that the picture of sustainable development to be submitted at the next UN Rio +20 conference in 2012 to mark the 20th anniversary of the Rio earth summit will be all nice and rosy: Malta puts responsibilty for sustianable development at the highest level while disbanding the commission to ensure that sustainable development is achieved.
Other photos taken on 24th Augut 2011, showing the complete desregard for protected trees, and protected rubble walls, despite the fresh declaration that “the government puts responsibility for sustainable development at the ‘highest level’”

According to Maltese politicians and their advisors, this is a tree - a protected tree!

Politically, to the applause of the gullible, it was the tree's fault moving in the bulldozer's path!

The dead branches of a mauled potected Aleppo Pine tree. Only possible with a permit from the Minster for the Environment and the Minster for Resources and Rural Affairs!

NO COMMENT - readers may wish to comment themselves.

One of the ARRIVA bus stops in the stretch of the new works. With the arrival of the new bus service, social, environmental and financial negative impacts have also arrived, though as I understand, some are still waiting for the buses.


Il-kapriċċ tal-proprjetà vojta (2) Ħadd mhu jerfa’ l-ħtija tan-nuqqas ta’ ppjanar

July 26, 2011

Il-kapriċċ tal-proprjetà vojta (2) 
Ħadd mhu jerfa’ l-ħtija tan-nuqqas ta’ ppjanar
 

minn aleander balzan
 

KIF irraportat minn din il-gazzetta nhar il-Ħadd li għadda, fi ftit snin żdiedu bl-eluf in-numru ta’ proprjetajiet vojta f’pajjiżna. Skont iċ-chairman tal-Awtorità tal-Ambjent u l-Ippjanar (MEPA), Austin Walker, huwa stmat li llum għandna 76,000 proprjetà vojta. Minkejja dan ħadd mhu qiegħed jerfa’ l-ħtija ta’ dan in-nuqqas ta’ ppjanar. Fi kliem l-ambjentalisti Alfred E. Baldacchino u Astrid Vella dan in-nuqqas ta’ ppjanar qiegħed iwassal għal ħela ta’ riżorsi enormi.

Alfred E. Baldacchino, li huwa speċjalizzat fl-ippjanar u l-immaniġjar tal-ambjent argumenta mat-TORĊA li dawn il-proprjetajiet vojta “huma ħela ta’ riżorsi finanzjarji kif ukoll riżorsi naturali li ftit li xejn għandna minn fejn naħlu. Dan huwa wkoll nuqqas ta’ ippjanar serju għaliex wieħed qed iħares biss lejn ir-riżultat fiż-żmien il-qasir.”

“L-impatt fuq l-ambjent hu tant negattiv li qiegħed ikun hemm ħela ta’ riżorsi naturali, bħat-teħid tal-art, anki ta’ valur kbir ekoloġiku, storiku, u rikreattiv, tifrik ta’ sistemi fl-ippjanar tal-ambjent bħal sistemi tal-ġbir tal-ilma tax-xita, sfreġju u qerda ta’ sistemi ekoloġiċi bħall-ispeċi ta’ fawna u flora, u produzzjoni ta’ skart li jirriżulta mill-bini,” jargumenta Baldacchino li jgħid li dawn ir-riżorsi jistgħu jintużaw f’oqsma oħra.

“L-użu tar-riżorsi kemm naturali kif ukoll finanzjarji jistgħu faċilment jintużaw f’attivitajiet oħra minflok bini u bini li ma hawnx bżonnu. Permessi għar-restawr xorta waħda jkun hemm bżonnhom, imma hemm bżonn ukoll diversifikazzjoni. Il-’valur’ ta’ dawn il-ħela ta’ riżorsi mill-aspett ekonomiku qiegħed isir għas-spejjeż tal-valur soċjali u dak ambjentali,” żied Baldacchino.

Responsabbiltà tal-banek 
Fil-ħarġa ta’ nhar il-Ħadd li għadda l-ekonomista Joe Vella Bonnici argumenta li s-settur bankarju qiegħed ikun iktar kawt. “Ta’ min jgħid li llum is-settur bankarju rari jsellef għal bini ġdid. Dan wara ħafna twissijiet mill-International Monetary Fund li l-banek tagħna kellhom exposure qawwi fuq il-proprjetà,” qal Vella Bonnici.

Alfred E. Baldacchino u Astrid Vella wkoll jitkellmu dwar il-banek u fuqhom jitfgħu anke responsabbiltà.

“Naħseb li hawn tidħol ir-responsabbiltà kemm tal-banek lokali kif ukoll tal-MEPA. Sfortunatament, il-banek m’ għandhomx ħjiel tal-Corporate Social Responsibility u jaħsbu li għax iqassmu xi ċekk stampat kbir kbir qegħdin jilħqu dan il-għan. Għalihom imbasta jisilfu l-flus u jdaħħlu l-interessi. Jekk proġetti jibqgħu vojta u fil-proċess jinħlew ir-riżorsi jgħidlulek li mhix responsabbiltà tagħhom,” qal Baldacchino.

Astrid Vella żżid mal-argument u min-naħa tagħha telabora dwar l-impatt li dawn id-deċiżjonijiet qegħdin iħallu fuq is-soċjetà Maltija.

“It-twemmin popolari li s-suq għandu jirregola lilu nnifsu huwa żbaljat għax wieħed ikun qiegħed jassumi li huma biss l-iżviluppaturi li jġorru r-riskju li qegħdin jieħdu. Kuntrarju għal dan it-twemmin, rapport dwar l-istabbilità finanzjarja tal-Bank Ċentrali, għas-sena 2010, jgħid li d-dgħufija preżenti fis-settur tal-proprjetà tpoġġi riskju fuq is-saħħa tas-settur finanzjarju Malti dan għax il-proprjetà tirrappreżenta ħafna mis-self tal-banek. Din toħloq riskju fi żmien li s-sitwazzjoni tal-proprjetà qiegħda twassal għal ‘defaulting loans’,” tispjega Vella.

L-irwol tal-MEPA 
Iż-żewġ ambjentalisti jaqblu dwar il-falliment tal-MEPA fi rwol tagħha ta’ regolatur.

“Mill-banda l-oħra, il-MEPA, li suppost għandha r-responsabbiltà dwar l-ippjanar ma nistax nifhem kif 76,000 post vojt wieħed jista’ jgħidli li huwa ppjanar tajjeb, bl-impatti negattivi kollha li dawn iġibu magħhom, kemm direttament kif ukoll indirettament,” jargumenta Baldacchino.

Astrid Vella żżid ma’ dan l-argument: “Il-falliment tal-MEPA li tassumi r-responsabbiltajiet tagħha bħala regolatur – li ħolqot mentalità ta’ ġirja biex nibnu – mhux biss irrovinat l-irħula tagħna u l-qalba tal-villaġġi iżda ironikament wasslet għal tnaqqis fil-bejgħ tal-proprjetà.”

“Il-MEPA falliet fid-dmir tagħha li tirrikonċilja d-drittijiet li wieħed jiżviluppa l-proprjetà privata ma’ dak ta’ saħħa tajba. Li neħħejna d-djar biex għamilna l-appartamenti għandu effett doppju għax iwassal għal iktar karozzi f’żoni residenzjali,” qalet Vella li elaborat dwar l-effetti ta’ dan il-bini żejjed, b’mod partikolari fuq saħħet in-nies.

Alfred E. Baldacchino jċanfar ukoll lill-awtoritajiet għax għażlu triq li wasslet għal iktar bini ġdid flok irranġar u restawr ta’ dak li għandna.

“Hawn ħafna bini mitluq, qadim, storiku, u mibni b’konsiderazzjoni ambjentali siewja, imma n-nuqqas ta’ ippjanar li jeżisti jwassal biex minflok dan jitranġa u jkun restawrat, dan jitwaqqa’ u jittella’ bini ġdid, fil-forma ta’ kerrejjiet moderni, biex ngħidu hekk. Dan minkejja li hawn kemm domanda għal dawn il-postijiet (bini qadim restawrat), kif ukoll hawn kuxjenza qawwija nazzjonali biex dawn ikunu restawrati kif ukoll salvati. Imma mid-dehra dan mhux parti tar-responsabbiltà ta’ min huwa inkarigat biex jara li l-ippjanar ta’ dawn il-gżejjer isir minn kull aspett, kemm soċjali, kemm ambjentali kif ukoll ekonomiku. L-importanza li tingħata hija biss mill-aspett ekonomiku u l-oħrajn jiġu kompletament injorati. Ħadd ma jgħid li huwa responsabbli għal dan. Anzi kulħadd jgħid li mhux huwa responsabbli,” jgħid Baldacchino.

Ħtija tal-politiċi 
“Il-politiċi tagħna jiddefendu iktar żvilupp billi jgħidu li l-ġenituri qegħdin jipprovdu l-appartamenti għal uliedhom. Din il-ġustifikazzjoni ntużat fl-2006 meta kien hemm l-iskema ta’ razzjonalizazzjoni u medded ta’ art fil-kampanja ttieħdu biex jinbnew mijiet ta’ appartamenti minn żviluppatur wieħed.
“Din twassal għal mistoqsija oħra: jekk il-ġenituri qegħdin jipprovdu l-appartamenti lil uliedhom, l-eluf ta’ appartamenti tal-ispekulaturi lil min se jinbiegħu? Żgur mhux lill-barranin, għax mill-2009 kien hemm biss 300 bejgħ fejn kienu involuti l-barranin. Il-MEPA kkalkulat li l-ħtieġa annwali għad-djar ġodda hija madwar 2,000, iżda mill-2005 sal-2009 kienu approvati bejn 8,000 u 12,000 unit fis-sena,” tgħid Astrid Vella li tappella għal studju serju u tisħaq li din il-problema għandha tkun indirizzata.

“In-numru ta’ postijiet vojta huwa destinat li jikber iktar, hekk kif hemm permessi approvati mill-MEPA li għad irid isir il-bini tagħhom u hemm ukoll iktar proġetti kbar ippjanati. Flimkien għal Ambjent Aħjar temmen li l-kwistjoni ta’ żvilupp iktar milli meħtieġ għandha tkun indirizzata. Jekk iktar appartamenti se jkunu approvati, fuq liema bażi se niġġustifikaw it-telfien ta’ iktar kampanja?” ittemm tgħid Vella.

Baldacchino wkoll jitkellem dwar l-irwol tal-politiċi u ma jdurx mal-lewża.

“Ir-riżultat ta’ dan kollu huwa li din hija politika żbaljata tal-entitajiet governattivi u pubbliċi li kulħadd jara l-parti tiegħu biss u ma jimpurtahx minn entitajiet ohra. Anki f ‘deċiżjonijet żgħar jittieħdu deċiżjonijiet li jmorru kontra tfassil u deċiżjonijiet ta’ entitajet oħra.

“Dan jidher u jinħass bħal ngħidu aħna fil-ħarsien u mmaniġġjar tal-ilma, f’dak tat-trasport, f’dak tal-biodiversità, u ħafna u ħafna oħrajn. F’dan il-qasam huwa ġenerazzjoni ta’ xogħol artifiċjali, għas-spejjeż tar-riżorsi nazzjonali, biex taparsi jinħoloq ix-xogħol, xogħol li għandu ħafna prezzijiet u piżijiet moħbija, li qed tħallas għalihom is-soċjetà u l-ambjent b’mod ġenerali,” qal Baldacchino, li fakkar ukoll kif il-Kummissjoni Nazzjonali għall-Iżvilupp Sostenibbli għadha ma bdietx tiltaqa’.
“Opportunità li kien hemm u li għad hemm biex dawn il-fares jinqatgħu kienet li tibda taħdem il-Kummissjoni Nazzjonali għall-Iżvilupp Sostenibbli. Imma din tpoġġiet fuq l-ixkaffa tistenna l-mument meta jkun tard wisq u l-pajjiż jibqa’ jħallas minn imnieħru. Imbagħad forsi tirxoxta jew inkella titfassal oħra bħalha,” temm Baldacchino.

• Ara wkoll: http://www.it-torca.com/news.asp?newsitemid=11958